Tuesday, August 25, 2020
In this book Yancey is out to discover the root and any possible reason to torment. He alludes to torment as a blessing that everyone rejects. Notwithstanding, he sees torment as an alert framework that God has given to us to assist us with keeping to our faculties. He talks about torment in term of physical, enthusiastic and profound torment and helps us to grasp why we endure and how to manage our own agony and that of others. He does this by responding to five significant inquiries as talked about underneath; Why is there such an unbelievable marvel as agony? Agony is definitely not a later expansion, God started it not long after Adam and Eve opposed Him. However, God didn't commit an error by presenting torment as it serves a significant job in our body and profound wellbeing. Agony is urgent to an ordinary life as without torment our live would be loaded down with threat and without numerous fundamental delights. Torment is an essential component of our most satisfying encounters. Agony and joy are entrapped as they work intently and are practically indivisible. Subsequently, regardless of being undesirable, torment has some great and helpful purposes. Torment and sufferings are there to show us a thing or two when God is disappointed with our activities. God utilizes conditions to caution and rebuff us in instances of bad behaviors (Yancey, 2003). Is torment a message from God? Agony and enduring are GodÃ¢â¬â¢s methods for awakening our faculties when we have accomplished something incorrectly. We ought not see torment as a discipline but instead as a reminder for us to restore our motivation throughout everyday life. Yancey reveals to us that when we see issues coming our direction we ought to reevaluate our activity to see whether they comply with GodÃ¢â¬â¢s prerequisites. God utilizes agony to pass on the message that we are doing something incorrectly and to give us hence we have to alter our strategy. How individuals react to torment? The majority of the occasions, individuals question God when confronted with agony and enduring by posing hard inquiries that men have consistently requested a large number of years. As we experience torment, we are stood up to with sentiments of sadness and weakness. Larger part of the individuals feel frantic and incapable or not well arranged to arrangement or handle the circumstance. Be that as it may, we should discover quality in Jesus. He gives us the beauty we have to counter agony and languishing. How might we adapt to torment? It is difficult to experience torment in any event, for the best individuals. Anybody can break under tension as Job did. Be that as it may, we have an ideal case of Jesus Christ who effectively experienced agony. Yancey rushes to call attention to that Jesus Christ is the main leader of the congregation or Congregation that showed up on earth and experienced enduring as we do. We are empowered by the way that Jesus comprehends what we are experiencing and He realizes that we can beat torment. Likewise, when we reflect at how Jesus endured on the cross, it gives us the boldness and capacity to hold up under the agony we are languishing. Jesus likewise left us the congregation all together we may help each other during times of torment (Yancey, 1996). How Does Faith help? Having confidence in Christ is significant with regards to misery and agony. For instance incase we are wiped out, we can be recuperated if just we believe that God is equipped for mending us. Confidence can make us move a mountain which implies we can vanquish any sort of torment on the off chance that we practice confidence in Jesus Christ. Along these lines, incase of agony we just need to accumulate enough confidence and this will enable us to proceed onward. Confidence is as a basic quality we should show on the off chance that we are to confront the issues in front of us. We ought to permit our confidence to develop further through supplications and book of scriptures readings to empower us to look up torment and pain (Gaines, 2007). Individual Application Parental figure need to figure out how to tune in, care and love their patients. Most parental figure no longer show any consideration for their patients. Torment and distress some of the time lead to debilitation and these individuals need somebody to converse with and who can hear them out. Listening is one type of minding to such people. Tuning in to those in agony can prompt restoring of enthusiastic torment. The course of mending is includes a modest and testing errand of producing and introducing a well disposed condition where those in torment can consider their torment and misery without fear and make in them the certainty that makes them look for better approaches to take care of their issues. The audience goes about as a reflecting mirror to the victim. This permits the individual to detect their emotions which imply that he/she can get her/his difficult better and he/she is in a situation to begins the way toward taking care of the issue. The patients have many accumulated feelings which should be communicated and tuned in to by a mindful and humble individual. Those in torment can't hear the audience except if the audience initially tunes in to all their agony (Chapman, 2006). We have consistently asked ourselves, where is God when it harms? However, I think the most suitable inquiry is the place the congregation is the point at which it harms? The congregation must comprehend its adherents and realize the individuals who are under agony and to comfort the individuals who are influenced. The congregation ought to be there for them for instance visiting them in emergency clinics, offering to them supporting sacred writings from the holy book and even in particular tuning in to them. We have to commend God not just for the beneficial things He does to us yet additionally during tough situations. We just appear to adulate God in the midst of delights and joy yet accuse him in instances of issues some of which possibly of our own creation.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Is the death penalty a decent condemning alternative - Essay Example Colon-Cruz), announcing it unlawful (Bedau, 190). Basically, the death penalty might be alluded to as Ã¢â¬Å"the taking of a criminalÃ¢â¬â¢s life by a composed society taking into account his crimeÃ¢â¬ (Moreland and Geisler 1990, 103) In the US, the lawful strategies to bring out capital punishment during that time are as per the following: deadly infusion, electric shock, gas chamber, hanging. Contentions for capital punishment can be ordered into three: utilitarian, retributive and libertarian. The first is that see which holds that implementing the death penalty would serve the benefit of everyone since society would profit by it by dissuading wrongdoing either by debilitating future guilty parties or by weakening the lawbreaker. Many view the utilitarian contention as a forward-looking and target viewpoint since it weighs both the expense and advantage of the punishment. The retributive contention, in the mean time, follows the exemplary Ã¢â¬Å"an tit for tat, a tooth for a toothÃ¢â¬ standard. There is no idea given to what the general public may harvest or accomplish from the demonstration of slaughtering a wrongdoer. What makes a difference is that the criminal ought to be rebuffed in light of the fact that he merits it. At long last, there is additionally the libertarian perspective. Here, the death penalty is viewed as a major aspect of the rule that all individu als must be dealt with the equivalent and that too little discipline may comprise a foul play for a criminal that has carried out a far offensive wrongdoing. Then again, advocates who item to the death penalty contend that it damages the privilege to life, that it is heartless and really do nothing to prevent wrongdoing. As one would discover, the contentions are tied down on what is good and in certain regions stay in the utilitarian line of thinking too. A large number of the individuals who favor the cancelation of capital punishment refer to the Ã¢â¬Å"inalienable right to lifeÃ¢â¬ which Thomas Jefferson himself has persuasively expressed in the Declaration of Independence as Ã¢â¬Å"NatureÃ¢â¬â¢s LawsÃ¢â¬ given by God and that no man has the privilege to
Friday, August 7, 2020
How Savvy are Your Students 7 Fake Websites to Really Test Their Evaluation Skills (17) Looking to test your studentsâ capabilities at figuring out if a website is real or not? Use these fake websites to help, but be careful! Looks may deceive you! Some of these sites are tougher to catch than others. GenoChoice: Create Your Own Genetically Healthy Child Online GenoChoice gives parents the opportunity to genetically modify their future childâs DNA to prevent diseases and health issues. Itâs essentially a service that allows parents to create the âperfect child.â While there arenât many links on the site, GenoChoice states that it is affiliated with âRYT Hospitalâ. Upon clicking on the RYT Hospital link, viewers are directed to a hospital website that is quite official looking at first glance. The giveaway? Many of the links do not work, both on GenoChoice and RYT Hospitalâs site. In addition, RYT Hospital cannot be found on a map or a simple Google search. There is also a feature on the site where readers can place their thumb on the screen for a DNA scan. This is not possible! Buy an Ancestor Online Ever wish you were related to a famous person? Have you ever tried to produce your family tree, but came up empty handed? Buy an Ancestor Online provides you with the ability to purchase an ancestor, âcomplete with authenticating documents.â With daily hot deals and monthly specials, this site can provide you with the missing link in your family tree that youâve always dreamed of. The giveaway? The site not only looks outdated, but it was last updated in 2012. There is also very little information on the founder, Bob Fulkerson, and the site is maintained by the âLosing Proposition Company.â The real giveaway? Reviews placed on the site by so-called âexpert genealogists,â state that itâs all a scam and it will bring in some âREAL suckers.â Dog Island A beautiful sanctuary for our four-legged friends, Dog Island is home to 2,500 dogs. All are able to roam free and enjoy a peaceful life among their furry friends. With man-made caves as shelters, plenty of rabbits and other wildlife to feed on, and separate islands for dogs of similar sizes, families can send their dogs to Dog Island to live happily in this oasis, for free. The giveaway? While a Google search shows that Dog Island is the name of a real island off the coast of Florida, numerous grammatical errors throughout the Frequently Asked Questions page raises red flags about the validity of the website. Want to visit their main office? Due to protesters who oppose Dog Island, âweve had to make our land office a maze to get to.â The directions to the office involve solving a cryptic puzzle. Mankato, Minnesota Nestled in the heart of the midwest, Mankato Minnesota boasts itself as a âhidden vacation Mecca.â It sits on the âSclare/Far Fissure,â which is a phenomenon that turns the air temperature to a 70 degree paradiseall year long. With tons of pages and links to back up their claim and five-star reviews from newspapers, this site could easily convince someone about this magical paradise in Minnesota. The giveaway? The site looks outdated, with colorful, flashy images and banners. A Google search of Mankato, Minnesota pulls up the cityâs official homepage, which shows that it is currently 32 degrees, a far cry from the 70 degrees that the hoax site claims. The Ova Prima Foundation Which came first? The chicken or the egg? The Ova Prima Foundation is on a mission to find out. This non-profit agencyâs site is quite convincing. All links work and the site includes information regarding the mission, history, and abstracts and citations of research papers associated with the foundation. There are even lesson plans for educators who are looking to teach chicken or the egg theories. The giveaway? Doing a quick search on the author and the company pulls up a ton of results showcasing that website as a hoax. In addition, the term, âovaprimatological,â is used throughout, which is not a real word. While itâs convincing to see the research abstracts and citations, all are missing dates. All About Explorers This beautifully designed website seems like the perfect place for elementary and middle school students to find information about famous explorers. With many of the worldâs most famous explorers featured, this site is easy for students to navigate, includes lesson plans for teachers, and information about the authors. The giveaway? All About Explorersâ mission is to teach students to check their facts with a second source, so the site is riddled with tons of incorrect information. It states that, âChristopher Columbus was born in 1951 in Sydney, Australia.â and that Juan Ponce de Leon, âwas hired by Revlon, a cosmetic company, to search for the Fountain of Youth (a body of water that would enable you to look young forever).â In addition to incorrect information about the explorers, the biographies about the authors contain numerous inaccuracies. Their chief researcher worked at the University of Demiglace-on-Seine, which isnât a real school and it states that the webmaster has, âvisited six of the seven major continents and a few minor ones as well.â Save the Endangered Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus Probably the toughest website to catch as a fake, the Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus site is beautifully designed, all links work, and the authorâs information is available with a link to his regularly updated blog. There is even an online store where readers can purchase mugs, shirts, and stickers, all displaying images of the Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus! The giveaway? A quick search of the affiliated school, âKelvnic University,â and the âWild Haggis Conservation Society,â brings up quite a few websites that state them as fake. In addition, the author states that sasquatch is a natural predator to the Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus. Related blog posts: 10 Ways to Spot a Fake News Article Identifying Fake News: An Infographic and Educator Resources
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Sample details Pages: 13 Words: 4017 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/09/16 Category Advertising Essay Did you like this example? MARKET REPORT Oral care: Major players launch growth-driving products USA Positive performances by all oral care categories led to market growth of 5% in 2007. Toothpastes and mouthwashes grew by 3% and 8% respectively, while whitening treatments posted growth of 10% Ã¢â¬â a turnaround from the decline of previous years. All categories have bene? ted from product launches. Education in the category continues to revolve around the link between oral care and overall health. For example, Colgate-Palmolive partnered with health insurer Aetna and numerous drug chains to offer an education programme on preventive dental care and its link to general wellbeing. Also, in September 2007, GSK, the American Dental Association (ADA) and the ADA Foundation debuted the Oral Longevity programme, designed to increase oral health awareness in older adults. Market Review US Ã¢â¬ ¢ New products lead to growth in all categories Ã¢â¬ ¢ In? ux of products from foreign marketers Ã¢â¬ ¢ Technological innovation aids upturn of whitening strip sales Canada Ã¢â¬ ¢ Toothpastes and mouthwashes grow, while sales of whitening treatments are ? t Toothpastes Toothpaste sales grew by 3% in 2007. Products made with natural ingredients continue to be successful, according to industry sources. Private label sales are minor. In June 2007, the FDA advised consumers to avoid using toothpastes manufactured in China, as many that had been imported from the country were found to contain poi sonous chemical diethylene glycol. Some of the counterfeits were falsely labelled as Colgate, but other major brands were not impacted and so the situation is unlikely to have hindered overall growth. USA and Canada: Oral care categories 2005-2007 DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Oral Care: Major Players Launch Growth" essay for you Create order USA US$mn Toothpastes Mouthwashes Whitening treatments Total Canada Toothpastes Mouthwashes Whitening treatments Total 163. 5 75. 9 32. 6 272. 1 173. 9 82. 0 30. 7 286. 5 178. 8 86. 9 30. 4 296. 0 2005 1,619. 1 721. 9 298. 8 2,639. 8 2006 1,635. 3 772. 5 265. 9 2,673. 6 2007 1,690. 5 834. 9 291. 3 2,816. 8 The competitive environment Crest continues to battle with Colgate for the categoryÃ¢â¬â¢s No. 1 spot. Crest grew by 8% and takes roughly a third of category sales. The growth was largely thanks to sales of its Pro-Health toothpaste, which more than trebled to reach $95mn. The presentation bene? ed from a category-leading adspend of $69mn. Crest Pro-Health tackles cavities, gingivitis, plaque, sensitivity, stains, tartar build-up and bad breath. Education about the brand informs consumers about the links between oral care and overall wellbeing. Meanwhile, industry sources stated that the Pro-Health Night arm of the range, launched in September 2007, has proved popular with consum ers. It is positioned to tackle bacteria through the night. Source: Nicholas HallÃ¢â¬â¢s Insight, sales via all retail outlets, full year 2007 (MSP), applies to following tables and references to sales data in the text unless otherwise stated. Canadian data based on exchange rate of US$mn: C$mn Ã¢â¬â 0. 9870, published in the UK Financial Times on 1 January 2008 Simpli? yle 6 MARCH 2008 63 ORAL CARE Crest Whitening Plus Scope grew by 8% to $138mn. However, sales of Crest Whitening Expressions fell by 18% to $68mn. Crest Extra White Plus Scope was launched in September 2007 with the Ã¢â¬Å"Smile Bright in the SpotlightÃ¢â¬ competition, which offered the chance to host the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Choice Awards show with presenter Ryan Seacrest. PG spent around $35mn advertising Crest NatureÃ¢â¬â¢s Expressions Ã¢â¬â introduced in April 2007 Ã¢â¬â which includes natural ingredients. The brand is for consumers Ã¢â¬Å"who want to experience natural ingredients but whose preference indicates a strong loyalty to brands with established heritageÃ¢â¬ according to Diane Dietz, general manager of PGÃ¢â¬â¢s North American oral care business. Crest Healthy Radiance Toothpaste System is available to consumers from March 2008. It comprises toothpaste and weekly deep clean strips, to strengthen enamel and whiten teeth. The system is targeted at women who want to achieve a healthy and attractive smile with one product. Sales of Colgate Ã¢â¬â which take around a third of category dollars Ã¢â¬â remained ? at despite the range being developed. Growth may have been hindered, in part, by concerns over counterfeit toothpaste falsely labelled as Colgate, which was found in some discount stores in June 2007. In 2007, Colgate-Palmolive launched premium-priced Total Advanced Clean. It contains silica Ã¢â¬â to polish teeth Ã¢â¬â and an antibacterial formula that creates a protective germ? ghting coating. The launch was supported by professional sampling and advertising featuring actress Brooke Shields. Also, in April 2007, the Max Fresh range was extended with Burst presentations, infused with Ã¢â¬Å"50% more breath stripsÃ¢â¬ than the regular version, according to the company. A+P review: Leading US oral care adspends 2007 Brand Marketer US$mn Crest Listerine Colgate Aquafresh Rembrandt Sensodyne Arm Hammer ACT Orajel* SmartMouth PG McNeil / JJ Colgate-Palmolive GSK Personal Products / JJ GSK Church Dwight Chattem Del Laboratories Triumph Pharmaceuticals 204. 1 97. 1 55. 8 46. 1 22. 0 19. 2 13. 2 8. 6 4. 5 4. 2 *Toothpaste only. Does not include adspend for oral pain SKUs Source: TNS Media Intelligence, 12 months to 30 September 2007, taken from the top 50 adspends of dental care presentations. Applies to all references to adspends in the text It was supported with an adspend of close to $8mn and promoted by Hispanic musician Tito el Bambino. GSK offers Aquafresh and Sensodyne. Aquafresh Ã¢â¬â which takes around 8% of category dollars Ã¢â¬â grew by 10% to $142m. This was aided by three product launches Ã¢â¬â Aquafresh Advanced is positioned as a multi-bene? t toothpaste, while Iso-active creates microscopic bubbles during brushing that penetrate hard-to-reach areas. Lastly, Aquafresh White Shine was launched in 2007 and carries claims not only to whiten, but also to contain microbuffers that polish teeth. After an initial bout of consumer interest surrounding its launch in 2006, Aquafresh Extreme Clean declined by 13% to $42mn. Sensodyne sales were ? at at $76mn. The brandÃ¢â¬â¢s two most recent additions, ProNamel and Full Protection, were supported with adspends of over $16mn and nearly $3mn respectively. The rest of the line has been repackaged. Following Colgate-PalmoliveÃ¢â¬â¢s purchase of TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of Maine in 2006, its toothpaste range has grown by 6%, fuelled by ongoing demand for natural products. Packaging has been updated to make the speci? c bene? s of each toothpaste clearer. In December 2007, Natural Clean Gentle toothpastes were launched, including SKUs for whitening and dry mouth. Sensitive Care Antiplaque toothpaste is IRI market facts: US OTC oral care 2007 (RSP) Category Toothpastes Mouthwashes Whitening treatments Sales $mn 1,260. 4 684. 0 242. 3 % change +2. 9 +8. 4 +11. 0 Source: Information Resources Inc, sales in food, drug and mass merchandise outlets (excludes Wal-Mart), 52 weeks to 30 December 2007 Simpli? yle 6 64 MARCH 2008 MARKET REPORT Paediatric presentations There were several developments in OTC oral care for children in 2007. Colgate-Palmolive, which markets a range of paediatric toothpastes, partnered with Reading is Fundamental to offer the Ã¢â¬Å"Healthy Bedtime Habits for a LifetimeÃ¢â¬ programme, in which families can use online tools to create a bedtime rituals log. Vi-Jon Laboratories has launched Inspector Hector. The brand comprises two products Ã¢â¬â Inspector Hector Plaque Detector, a pre-brush rinse that turns plaque blue so that children know where to brush, and Inspector Hector Tooth Protector, a ? uoride rinse. Meanwhile, Dr Fresh recently launched Fire? y MouthSwoosh, which has a light-up timer cap that ? ashes for 30 seconds, the recommended amount of time to use the product each session. In April 2007, all bottles of McNeil / JJÃ¢â¬â¢s Listerine Agent Cool Blue rinse were recalled after it was found that the productÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"preservative system [was] not adequate against certain microorganismsÃ¢â¬ . The company is re-entering the paediatric market in March 2008 with Listerine Smart Rinse, an anti-cavity ? uoride rinse. In terms of toothpastes, Aim Kids for 6-10 year olds was launched in July 2007. Unlike many paediatric toothpastes, the brand does not use a licensed cartoon character, which enables Church Dwight to maintain the low pricing of the value-based range. Meanwhile, Crest has extended the trend of unusual ? avours to its childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Wild Expressions toothpaste, with BurstinÃ¢â¬â¢ Bubblegum and Cinnsational Swirl. another new addition, to be rolled out in the ? rst half of 2008. Both new ranges contain patent-pending ingredient glycyrrhizin, from puri? ed licorice, which provides a natural foaming experience, according to the company. Church Dwight ? elds Arm Hammer, Mentadent, Aim and Close-Up. The company is set to launch Arm Hammer Age Defying toothpaste in 2008, which is positioned to strengthen teeth and repair damage caused by whitening products. Rembrandt sales were ? at in the reporting period. The brand was relaunched and repackaging following its purchase by Personal Products / JJ from Gillette in October 2005. Its A+P targets young people, using a traveling store that hosted makeover parties and concerts. Availability of Pierre FabreÃ¢â¬â¢s pharmacy toothpaste, Elgydium, is being extended to the US by the French companyÃ¢â¬â¢s US subsdiary, Sante Active. Elgydium whitening and anti-cavity toothpastes, plus four toothbrush models, will be sold in pharmacies and online. Swedish cosmetic company Ori? ame has also made a foray into the US oral care market with OptiFresh, a toothpaste formulated with sea algae rich in zinc, iron, calcium and phosphor that helps Ã¢â¬Å"remineraliseÃ¢â¬ tooth enamel. Other launches include BreathRx Sensitive Formula (Discus Dental) and Healthy Teeth Gums toothpaste line (The Natural Dentist). Prospects Natural products and ? avouring innovations are set to remain popular. Industry insiders cite toothpastes with multiple bene? s and products positioned for the ageing population as drivers of future growth. Mouthwashes Mouthwashes continue to perform well, posting growth of 8%. Private labels claim around 11% of sales and grew by 5%. Niche products are partly responsible for the overall growth, as more breath fresheners and dry mouth presentations have been launched. Additionally, innovative positioning, such as extolling the bene? ts of using mouthwash at night, has proved successful. In company news, Chattem announced in May 2007 that it was to acquire the rights to ACT mouthwash in Western Europe and trademark rights worldwide. Prior to this, Chattem acquired US rights to ACT from JJ, which divested the brand as a condition of its buyout of P? zer CH. The competitive environment Listerine takes half of category sales and managed 7% growth. The launch of Listerine Tooth Defense Ã¢â¬â in March 2007 Ã¢â¬â added $21mn sales to the brand. The ? uoride Simpli? yle 6 MARCH 2008 65 ORAL CARE rinse strengthens teeth and prevents cavities, a departure from ListerineÃ¢â¬â¢s usual positioning of reducing plaque and gingivitis. This was a welcome boost, considering a 13% decline in sales of Listerine Whitening to $44mn. McNeil spent $97mn on press, radio and TV ads for the brand. The company also markets Listerine PocketPaks. PGÃ¢â¬â¢s collection of Crest mouthwashes generated $104mn in 2007 and grew by 35%. Crest Pro-Health Rinse increased by 16% to $80mn. As with the ProHealth toothpaste, the rinse has been extended with a nighttime presentation. Meanwhile, sales of Crest Whitening Rinse trebled to $24mn in 2007. PG also ? elds Scope, which posted a decline of 6%. The launch of Scope White mouthwash, which has been promoted with TV ads, may revitalise the brand. Declining sales of ACTÃ¢â¬â¢s core presentation were offset by the strong performance of ACT Restoring mouthwash. Chattem launched a 33oz version of ACT Restoring in March 2007. The larger bottle has a lower ? uoride dose compared to the original 18oz size (? uoride sodium 0. 02% vs ? uoride sodium 0. 05%). This is owing to regulations limiting the amount of ? uoride allowed in a single bottle. As a result, consumers are instructed to use the 33oz version of the mouthwash twice a day as opposed to once. The brand is supported by year-round TV, press and in-store ads. ACT was formerly part of Personal Products / JJÃ¢â¬â¢s oral care portfolio, which includes the Reach dental accessories range. When JJ owned both of these brands, a version of the mouthwash called Reach ACT Restoring was available but following ACTÃ¢â¬â¢s divestment to Chattem, SKUs under this name are no longer in production. BreathRx Ã¢â¬â launched in 2006 Ã¢â¬â grew by 81% to around $8mn. Discus Dentals has added Sensitive Formula Mouth Rinse to the range, along with numerous new SKUs including toothpaste. The new products are formulated with trademarked ingredient, Zytex, which contains thymol, eucalyptus oil and zinc. Meanwhile, the TheraBreath Starter Kit was rolled out by Dr Harold USA: Mouthwash / rinse shares 2007 Listerine 50% McNeil / JJ Crest 13% Procter Gamble Scope 7% Procter Gamble ACT* 4% Chattem Colgate 2% Colgate-Palmolive Biotene 2% Laclede Others, inc PLs 22% *excludes $14mn sales of Reach ACT Restoring Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Katz in January 2008. Each box contains TheraBreath rinse, toothpaste, ? oss strips, chewing gum, dry mouth breath mints, a tongue cleaner and a Fresh Breath Guide. The kit was promoted with Ã¢â¬Å"Try Me FreeÃ¢â¬ rebate offer. Additionally, the Healthy Gums Oral Rinse formula (The Natural Dentist) has been updated to contain 100% natural ingredients. The company is extending the brand with an anticavity ? uoride rinse in April 2008. Alva-AmcoÃ¢â¬â¢s Theradent has been extended with a teeth desensitising oral rinse Ã¢â¬â the ? rst OTC rinse to treat oral sensitivity, according to the company. SmartMouth (Triumph Pharmaceuticals) is also available. The National Advertising Division recently substantiated TriumphÃ¢â¬â¢s claim that SmartMouth Ã¢â¬Å"prevents bad breath for 12 hours (12 x more than any competitor). In terms of dry mouth rinses, Biotene rinse grew by 16% to $16mn. This was partially owing to the introduction of Oral Balance Liquid in 2006, which is packaged in a squirt bottle for convenience. GSK competes in the segment with Oasis mouthwash and mouthspray. In April, DiabEase Dead Sea Mineral mouth rinse (Masada Health Beauty Corp) was launched, to ease dry mouth and oral symptoms associa ted with diabetes, while Rain Dry Mouth Spray (Xlear) followed in July. Sales of antiseptic oral cleansers have suffered. GSKÃ¢â¬â¢s Glyoxide declined by 57% to under $5mn and Colgate Simpli? yle 6 66 MARCH 2008 MARKET REPORT Per-Oxyl fell by 8% to $9mn. Such products have strong competition from high-priced speciality items that incorporate new technology, such as canker sore discs (see Market Report, November 2007, pp301-302). USA: Whitening treatment shares 2007 Crest Whitestrips 55% Procter Gamble Aquafresh White Trays 12% GSK Rembrandt 12% Personal Products / JJ Listerine Whitening 8% McNeil / JJ Private labels 8% Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Prospects Niche products, such as those for dry mouth, will continue to drive growth, while innovative positioning will encourage consumers to use mouthwash more often within their daily regime. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Whitening treatments A ? urry of new products has revived the whitening category, with sales increasing by 10%. In particular, products that make the whitening process quicker and easier have enhanced sales. Whitening treatments have also started to incorporate bene? ts traditionally associated with toothpastes and mouthwashes, such as tartar protection and h alitosis prevention. Others 5% Sales of Rembrandt fell by 32% to $34mn, despite an adspend of over $5mn. The range comprises whitening kits, strips and a touch-up pen. In July 2007, JJ launched Listerine Whitening Quick Dissolving Strips, which have since had sales of $22mn. The strips use multi-layer technology that releases hydrogen peroxide to whiten teeth. It also carries claims to kill bad breath germs. New products from large marketers have hampered sales of smaller brands. White Light (Telebrands) has declined by 77%, while Wellquest Ionic fell by 68%. Plus White (CCA Industries) has managed 15% growth, thanks, in part, to updating. Plus White Kits contain a more comfortable mouthpiece, while the 5-minute Speed Whitening Gel is now available for sensitive teeth. Church Dwight is to launch Arm Hammer Whitening Booster in 2008, a tube-based high peroxide formula intended for daily use in addition to toothpaste. Belgium-based company Remedent has announced plans to bring new technology to the US whitening treatment segment. It will begin shipping iWhite, a light activated teeth-whitening kit, to CVS stores in April 2008. The competitive environment Crest Whitestrips continue to lead, taking over half of category dollars. However, the brand has declined by 6% to $160mn, partially owing to increased competition. Crest Whitestrips had an adspend of around $70mn, over half of which went towards the Daily Multicare variant. The company has continued the Ã¢â¬Å"Brightest Five Minutes of your DayÃ¢â¬ campaign, which encourages consumers to incorporate the strips into their daily regimes. PG is extending its whitening treatments with Crest Whitestrips Daily Whitening Plus Tartar Protection, expected in stores in March 2008. The strips are positioned to protect against the build-up of tartar, as well as whiten and protect against everyday stains. GSK entered the whitening treatments category in Q1 2007 with Aquafresh White Trays, which posted ales of $35mn. The trays are pre-dosed with hydrogen peroxide solution 10% and are ? exible to provide a custom ? t. GSK has spent $23mn promoting the brand, which has already been extended with Aquafresh White Trays Revive, a touch-up whitening product to be used between whitening treatments. Prospects Innovative technology that makes whitening quicker and easier will continue to be the key growth driver. Products with additional bene? ts and the introduction of SKUs that complement whitening treatments, such as Aquafresh White Trays Revive, are also avenues for growth. Simpli? yle 6 MARCH 2008 67 ORAL CARE Canada The OTC oral care market Ã¢â¬â toothpastes, mouthwashes and whitening treatments Ã¢â¬â continued its steady single-digit growth in 2007, advancing by 3%. Hardware such as toothbrushes is not included in our topline ? gures. Marketers have employed education initiatives to attract consumers to the OTC oral care market. PG promotes Crest and Oral-B as part of its Teeth For Life campaign, which aims to raise awareness of the importance of oral health and raise funds to support Dentistry Canada. Meanwhile, the fourth Listerine Gingivitis week was hosted in June 2007 in conjunction with the Canadian Dental Hygienists Association. about toothpastes from China containing diethylene glycol and ordered retailers to remove all toothpastes from the country off their shelves. Also, Neem Active Toothpaste With Calcium (Calcutta Chemical Co) Ã¢â¬â manufactured in India Ã¢â¬â was recalled in July 2007 as it also contained DEG, along with harmful bacteria. Although the brand was not approved for sale in Canada, it was found in some stores. The competitive environment Colgate-Palmolive is one of the key players and it launched Colgate Visible White toothpaste Ã¢â¬â formulated with peroxide Ã¢â¬â in summer 2007. The company claims that it not only removes surface stains but also deep stains which have penetrated below the surface. Consumers are expected to be able to notice results within two weeks of use. The launch was supported by the Ã¢â¬Å"Rede? ne White Ã¢â¬â Rede? ne YouÃ¢â¬ competition, the grand prize for which is a professional makeover and a female-oriented gift pack, demonstrating that the brand is targeted at women. TV ads have also been used to promote Colgate Visible White. Colgate Max Fresh is also now marketed in Canada in tubes or squeezable bottles. Both formats include mini breath freshening strips which are embedded in the paste. Advertising is targeted at young people. For example, the purple-coloured Kiss Me Mint variant, in peppermint and berry ? avour, invites consumers to Ã¢â¬Å"be temptingÃ¢â¬ which it says is about Ã¢â¬Å"attitudeÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"dancing until dawnÃ¢â¬ . Max Fresh Burst toothpaste, with Ã¢â¬Å"50% more breath stripsÃ¢â¬ , is new to the range; advertising highlights the added freshness that the toothpaste creates. The Colgate toothpaste range also includes Luminous, to reinforce enamel layers, Sparkling White, Tartar Control, Cavity Protection, Sensitive Whitening and childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s toothpastes. PG markets a selection of toothpastes in the Crest range including Whitening Expressions, Vivid White, Toothpaste Sales of toothpastes grew by 3%, largely thanks to a double-digit advance by presentations for sensitive teeth. Toothpastes for this condition are now the most lucrative type and grew by 16% to reach sales of $42mn. In 2006, whitening toothpastes were the best-sellers but a decline of 14% brought sales down to $36mn in 2007. Sales of toothpastes for children grew by 1% to close to $11mn. Meanwhile, those speci? ed for tartar control fell by 12% to $3mn. As with the FDA, Health Canada issued warnings Nielsen market facts: Canadian oral care 2007 Category Dentifrice excluding polishes whiteners Baking soda Kids Sensitive Tartar control Whitening Oral antiseptics Whitening kits Sales C$mn 222. 1 2. 4 13. 1 52. 6 4. 4 44. 7 107. 6 37. 6 % change 07/06 +2 -6 +1 +16 -12 -14 +6 -1 Source: Nielsen MarketTrack, grocery, drug, mass merchandisers, general merchandisers and warehouse clubs, 52 weeks ending 19 January 2008 (RSP) Simpli? yle 6 8 MARCH 2008 MARKET REPORT Complete, MultiCare, Sensitivity Protection, Cavity Protection, Tartar Protection and presentations for children. Crest Pro-Health has recently been extended with a nighttime variant, claimed to improve oral health, even after dark. Crest Extra White With Scope has also been launched. TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of Maine Ã¢â¬â acquired by Colgate Ã¢â¬â markets its toothpastes in Canada, too. GSK markets original Sensodyne and Sensodyne-F, which contains sodium ? uoride. ProNamel, for those at risk of acid erosion, has been part of the Sensodyne range since September 2006. GSK also markets Aquafresh White Shine. Church Dwight ? elds several toothpaste brands Ã¢â¬â Arm Hammer, Close Up, Aim and Pearl Drops. The competitive environment Crest Whitestrips are marketed by PG. The latest addition is Daily Multicare which is designed to be used for ? ve minutes each day. The Whitestrips range also includes original presentations and Renewal, which aims to remove 20 years of stains. Rembrandt whitening kits are marketed by JJÃ¢â¬â¢s Personal Products. Meanwhile, Arm Hammer Dental Care Whitening Gum is marketed by Church Dwight. It is positioned to be chewed after meals to clean and whiten teeth. Prospects Unlike many OTC categories, launches in Canada quickly follow those in the US so some recently added products from across the border could soon reach Canadian shelves. Big name launches in the whitening category could be particularly bene? cial to sales. Mouthwash Mouthwashes continued to grow, with sales advancing by 6%. However, there was no change in volume sales, indicating that the dollar growth is a result of higher prices, or a move to premium SKUs. The competitive environment Listerine is a leading player. The range includes various presentations including a whitening pre-brush rinse. As in the US, the products are now offered with a less potent taste. A+P emphasises that these are the same formulation, but with a milder ? avour. Listerine PocketPak breath strips are also offered in Canada. PG launched its ? rst Crest mouthwash Ã¢â¬â Pro-Health Rinse Ã¢â¬â in late 2007. This follows the launch of Pro-Health toothpaste in 2006. The rinse is alcohol-free which makes it more comfortable for consumers to use twice a day, according to the company. The brand has been successful in the US (see US section of this Market Report) so PG will be hoping for a repeat performance in Canada. PG also markets Scope mouthwash. Scope White Ã¢â¬â for fresh breath and whitening Ã¢â¬â was launched in 2007 and, as in the US, was promoted by television star, Ryan Seacrest. Market forecast USA Ã¢â¬ ¢ The number of multi-bene? t presentations is set to grow as key advantages offered by each product type become increasingly blurred Ã¢â¬ ¢ Demographics such as older adults and diabetics will be targeted speci? cally Ã¢â¬ ¢ A+P for whitening treatments is likely to be stepped up following increased competition in the category CANADA Ã¢â¬ ¢ Additions to the Crest Pro-Health range will help to drive growth Ã¢â¬ ¢ In? ences from the US will further penetrate the Canadian market Our thanks to our regular data providers: For information on IRI, contact Ryan Stredney on t: 312-474-3862; f: 312-474-2592 For TNS-Media Intelligence / Competitive Media Reporting, contact John Ciotoli on t: 212-991-6087 For The Nielsen Company, contact Kristen Ridley via t: 905-943-8343 Whitening trea tments Following a decline in 2006, sales of OTC teeth whitening presentations were virtually ? at in 2007. Simpli? yle 6 MARCH 2008 69 Essential reports from Nicholas Hall SURVIVAL STRATEGIES in Consumer Healthcare Vitamins, Minerals Supplements The essential guide to planning an effective VMS growth strategy PUBLISHED OCTOBER 2007 This 300-page report puts VMS under the microscope in the leading developed and emerging markets. Using latest data from Nicholas HallÃ¢â¬â¢s global OTC database, DB6 2007, it will explain the latest developments and the necessary conditions to return the market to growth, with a special emphasis on evidence-based NPD and marketing. 2 brand case studies prove itÃ¢â¬â¢s possible to achieve high growth, even in a static market. NEW! Published April 2008 (with all-new data): Gastrointestinals The latest report in this essential series focuses on what was the fastest-growing OTC category in 2006. 250 pages offer up-to-date information and present expert analysis of the changing climate in the leading developed and emerging markets. Buy the whole report, or individual country modules. Ord er NOW to benefit from pre-publication discounts. An essential lifeline for marketers in all the core OTC categories Nicholas Hall Survival Strategies reports are the definitive guides to success in key OTC categories, providing trends developments, competitive intelligence, case studies, market analysis and future strategies Ã¢â¬â all backed by detailed charts and tables based on data from Nicholas HallÃ¢â¬â¢s unique global OTC database, DB6. Other recent titles: Analgesics (2006); Dermatologicals (2006); Cough, Cold Allergy (2005). All offer the same ssential mix of information and analysis: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Detailed regional and key country reviews Ã¢â¬ ¢ Analysis of trends developments Hundreds of charts tables Ã¢â¬ ¢ Developments in specific therapeutic areas Rx-to-OTC switch environment Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ingredient status and key indications Case studies of key brands (established category leaders and dynamic switches) Review of the wider competitive environment to assess the impact of new remed ies What the future holds Contact Stacy Wootton on +44 (0) 1702 220 204 or email stacy. [emailprotected] com for further information.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Vision, Mission and Nursing Philosophy Mercedes Condom RN University of Phoenix NUR 588 10/13/2014 Every health care organization in the United Stated has a mission statement and a vision. We also can say that the mission and vision guides the organization purpose of service and practice. This is also true for colleges and universities. We also have an understanding that creating a philosophy that supports the values of the organization is essential. Therefore, when the project is in the formulation state, the members have to clear understanding of their own beliefs and value. Baptist Health of South Florida mission and vision statement are in nature related to helping our communityÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Baptist Health will be a national and international leader in healthcare innovation (BHSF 2014). BHSF nursing philosophy is based on the Jean WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory of Human Caring/Caring Science. By having a nursing theorist base practice, the development of a nursing philosophy becomes lucid. BHSF nursing philosophy stated as follow, NURSING PHILOSOPHY The nursing staff of BSHF is committed to maintaining the highest standards of nursing care and service excellence. This care is fostered through the nursing process--assessment, diagnosis, identification of outcomes, planning, implementation, and evaluation. We believe the primary purpose of nursing is to provide culturally congruent, non-discriminatory, safe and beneficial care to the patient, family, and significant others. Healing is promoted by competent staff, providing culturally congruent care, while educating patients / families and significant others in the caring process. Education of patients / families and significant others promotes independence, self-care and bio-psycho-social healing. Nursing Services advocates participative management through shared responsibility and accountability. We foster and encourage nursing autonomy and professional development through competency development, education and training. The
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(83) " current system and collecting required data to develop a model of the new system\." Moreover, DBBL has introduced ATM cards and Internet banking to ensure the customerÃ¢â¬â¢s freedom to choose his/her own banking hours. 1. 1. We will write a custom essay sample on A Proposed Leave Management System for Dutch-Bangla Bank Limited or any similar topic only for you Order Now 1 Vision Dutch-Bangla bank dreams of better Bangladesh, where arts and letters, sports and athletics, music and entertainment, science and education, health and hygiene, clean and pollution free environment and above all a society based on morality and ethics make all our lives worth living. DBBLÃ¢â¬â¢s essence and ethos rest on a cosmos of creativity and the marvel Ã¢â¬â magic of a charmed life that abounds with spirit of life and adventures that contributes towards human development . x . 1. 2 Mission Dutch-Bangla Bank engineers enterprise and creativity in business and industry with a commitment to social responsibility. Profits alone do not hold a central focus in the bankÃ¢â¬â¢s operation, because man does not live by bread and butter alone. 1. 1. 3 Core Objectives Dutch-Bangla Bank believes in its uncompromising commitment to fulfill its customer needs and satisfaction and to become their first choice in banking. Taking cue form its pool esteemed clientele, Dutch-Bangla Bank intends to pave the way for a new era in banking that upholds and epitomizes its vaunted marques Ã¢â¬Å"Your Trusted PartnerÃ¢â¬ . . 1. 4 Products and Services DBBL is offering Products and Services in three main forms: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Deposit Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit Ã¢â¬ ¢ Loan and Advances 1. 1. 4. 1 Deposit Under Deposit the following products are available: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Savings Deposit Account Ã¢â¬ ¢ Current Deposit Account Ã¢â¬ ¢ Short Term Deposit Account Ã¢â¬ ¢ Resident Foreign Currency Deposit Ã¢â¬ ¢ Foreign Currency Depositxi Ã¢â¬ ¢ Convertible Taka Account Ã¢â¬ ¢ Non-Convertible Taka Account Ã¢â¬ ¢ ExporterÃ¢â¬â¢s FC Deposit (FBPAR) Ã¢â¬ ¢ Current Deposit Account-Bank Ã¢â¬ ¢ Short Term Deposit Account-Bank 1. 1. 4. 2 Term Deposit Under Term Deposit the following products are offered: Monthly Term Deposit Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 3 Months Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 6 MonthsÃ¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 12 Months Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 24 Months Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 24 Months 1 Year Payout Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 36 Months Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 36 Months 6 Months Payout Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 36 Months 1 Year Payout Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit above 36 Months Ã¢â¬ ¢ Monthly Term Deposit Banks Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 3 Months Banks Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 6 Months Banks Ã¢â¬ ¢ Term Deposit 12 Months Banks Ã¢â¬ ¢ 1 Month TD NFCD Ã¢â¬ ¢ Months TD NFCD Ã¢â¬ ¢ 6 Months TD NFCDxii 1. 1. 4. 3 Loan and Advances The followings are known as Loan and Advances products: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Loan against Trust Receipt Ã¢â¬ ¢ Transport Loan Consumer Credit Scheme Ã¢â¬ ¢ Real Estate Loan (Res. ; Comm. ) Ã¢â¬ ¢ Loan against Accepted Bill Ã¢â¬ ¢ Industrial Term Loan Ã¢â¬ ¢ Agricultural Term Loan Ã¢â¬ ¢ Lease Finance Ã¢â¬ ¢ Other Term Loan Ã¢â¬ ¢ FM O Local Currency Loan for SME Ã¢â¬ ¢ FMO Foreign Currency Loan Ã¢â¬ ¢ Cash Credit (Hypothecation) Ã¢â¬ ¢ Small Shop Financing Scheme Ã¢â¬ ¢ Overdraft 1. 1. 5 Social Responsibilities of DBBL Dutch-Bangla Bank Limited (DBBL) is the first Bangladeshi-European joint venture bank in Bangladesh addresses social concerns that threaten the structure of society and redress social conditions that adversely affect the wellbeing of people and society.DBBL practice thus encompass the professional activities of helping individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities to enhance or restore their capacity for optimal social functioning and of creating societal conditions favorable to this goal. xiii 1. 2 Objective of the Project The advancement in technology in the last few decades has improved our lives in every aspect. Manually driven systems are being substituted by the computerized systems.The existing Leave Management System of DBBL is totally manual to keep track of all the leave associated records such as leave status, employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s availability and creating yearly reports etc. DBBL uses a very lengthy process to grant or refuse leave including finding out the eligibility of the employees for the type of leave applied for. Moreover, the information can be distorted as it has to go through a long chain of officials. The objective of this project is to formulate a sensible analysis of the current system to find out its problems and thus design a new computerized system which will be more optimized and synchronized.The management will be availed with such a system which may make their task simpler incase of leave related activities and the employees will not need to wait for a long time to know the decision of the management. 1. 3Why Leave Management System? When I was accepted as an intern by DBBL, I was placed in Mohakhali Branch under the direct supervision of the Branch Manager. The Branch Manager allowed me to observe the functionalities of all the departments and also let me browse the software named Ã¢â¬Å"Flex-cubeÃ¢â¬ , which they are using for all the transactions. I found that, all the schemes are automated except the Leave Management System and this manual system is creating a lot of problem for the management. I have discussed with the Branch Manager and let him know my interest to automate this system. He accepted my proposal and told me about their expectations from this system. xiv 1. 4 Methodology In the beginning, key data has been extracted from a detailed description of the current Leave Management System as a whole, and then potential problems in the current system have been identified.Next, proposed system has been elaborated and after that the goal of the project has been established to provide better data reliability, more automation and less effort. Efficient real time data storage, data manipulation capabilities and up-to-date report generation are the most important concerns of the proposed system. Then, key aspects of the proposed system are explained in details with prototype-planning phase, analysis phase and design phase. 1. 5 Organization of the Report In chapter II, the Existing System has been described. I have given the complete elaboration of the Proposed System in chapter III.Conclusion is written in chapter IV and then references and appendices are attached. xv 2. 1 Requirements Determination Requirements determination is one of the most complicated and prolonged part of developing a new system. It is the combination of gathering and analyzing information about the existing system. The primary objectives of the requirements determination are to understand the existing policies, identify the problems of the current system and collecting required data to develop a model of the new system. You read "A Proposed Leave Management System for Dutch-Bangla Bank Limited" in category "Papers" The deliverables for requirements determination that I have used are nterview transcripts, business mission and strategy statements, job descriptions of the employees, existing written documents and the results of Joint Application Design (JAD) sessions. With the intention of collecting the required data for my project I have interviewed Mr. Mashiur Rahman, the Manager of Mohakhali Branch of DBBL. He gave me an overall idea about the leave associated activities that he has to go through when an employee seeks leave. Then he referred me to Mr. Almas Uddin, the executive officer of the Human Resource Department (HRD) of DBBL.He explained some part of the leave policy of DBBL and provided me with some documents on service rules of DBBL. With the due permission of the Branch Manager I have organized two JAD sessions. In these sessions all the employees of Mohakhali branch participated and gave their priceless feedback. The outcomes were summarized and delivered to all the participants of these sessions. The outcomes of these sessions enabled me to find out the problems that both the management and the employees are facing from the existing system and their expectations from the new system. xvi 2. 2 An Overview of the Leave Policy 2. . 1 Categories of Leave Subject to fulfilling the terms and conditions as stipulated rules, the following eight types of leave may be admissible to an employee of DBBL. These are: 1. Earned Leave with full pay 2. Extraordinary Leave without pay 3. Medical Leave 4. Special Disability Leave 5. Quarantine Leave 6. Maternity Leave 7. Study Leave 8. Casual Leave 2. 2. 2 Description of Different Types of Leave Earned Leave with full pay: This type of leave is allowed for the employees who have completed 1 (One) year of continuous service in the bank. An employee is allowed to take earned leave once in a calendar year.This period has to be less than 30 (Thirty) days. Extraordinary Leave without pay: This type of leave may be granted for a maximum period of 2 (Two) months to an employee in special circumstances, when no other type of leave is available. This type of leave is allowed once for an employee in his/her entire service life. At least 3 (Three) years of continuous service is must for this type of leave. Medical Leave: Leave on medical ground may be granted for the period not exceeding 2 (Two) months. At least 1 (One) year of continuous service is needed for an employee to be eligible for this type of leave. vii Special Disability Leave: Special disability leave may be granted by the Human Resource Department to an employee who is disabled by injury inflicted or caused in course of, or in consequence of, the due performance of his/her official duty, or in consequence of his/her official position. This type of leave shall not be granted unless the disability manifested itself within three months of the occurrence to which it is attributed, and the person disabled acted with due promptitude in bringing it to the notice of the competent authority.An employee should comprise at least 3 (Three) years of continuous service to get this type of leave and the leave period should not exceed 6 (Six) months. Quarantine Leave: Quarantine leave is the leave of absence from duty by an employee as the presence of an infectious disease is found in his/her body. Cholera, Pox, Jaundice, Plague, Diphtheria, Typhoid, Measles, Mumps, CerebraÃ¢â¬âspinal and Meningitis are considered as infectious diseases. An employee is allowed to take quarantine leave from his/her joining day at DBBL. The period of quarantine leave should not exceed 1 (One) month. Maternity Leave: Maternity leave may be granted by the competent authority to an employee for a maximum period of 3 (Three) months at a time. This type of leave shall not be admissible to an employee for more than two occasions during her entire period of service life. To be eligible for this type of leave one must complete 2 (Two) years of continuous service in the bank. Study Leave: Study leave for a period not exceeding 2 (Two) years may be granted by the HRD to an employee to enable him/her to study or undergo special courses of training considered useful for his/her services under the bank.An employee should encompass at least 3 (Three) years of continuous service to acquire the study leave. xviii Casual Leave: This kind of leave refers to a leave of absence for a very short period of days granted to an employee who may be unable to attend duty due to sudden illness or urgent private/family affairs. The total number of days for which casual leave shall be admissible in a calenda r year to an employee shall not exceed 15 (Fifteen) days. Moreover, not more than 6 (Six) days casual leave can be taken at a time. This kind of leave is allowed for an employee from his/her very first day at DBBL. 2. 2. Leave is not the Right Leave cannot be claimed as a matter of right. The competent authority shall have the right to refuse, or grant leave for a shorter period than applied for. No employee shall remain absent from duties, nor leave place of positioning on any ground whatsoever without obtaining prior approval of leave from the authority. 2. 2. 4 Recall from Leave An employee on leave may be recalled to duty before expiry of the leave and if recalled, s/he shall be treated on duty from the date on which s/he starts for the station. xix 2. 3 Description of the Existing System The existing Leave Management System of DBBL is manual.It is a lengthy process and this process is not optimized. The Human Resource Department and/or the Branch Manager are the competent authorities for the approval or refusal of leave depending on the type of leave. The Leave Management System is initiated with the submission of an application by an employee for leave. This application must be submitted to the Controlling Officer at least one month ahead (with the exception of casual leave and the quarantine leave) from the date of commencement of the leave applied for. For the branches of the bank, the Second Manager of the branch acts as the controlling officer.The controlling officer is responsible for checking out the eligibilities of the employee for the type of leave s/he has applied for. If the applicant is eligible then the controlling officer submits the application to the Branch Manager. The work of the Branch Manager is the most complicated as s/he is responsible for the synchronization of the leave. Moreover, he is also accountable for the smooth functionality of the branch. In case of Earned Leave with full pay, Medical Leave, Quarantine Leave and Casual Leave the Branch Manager has the sole authority to grant or refuse the leave.If the Branch Manager allows an employee for leave, s/he should inform the HRD by submitting a report, which will contain the details about the approved leave. For these types of leave the HRD do not allow any alternative employee. For the other four types of leave the Branch Manager sends the application to the Human Resource Department for approval. Then the HRD takes their decision and let the Branch Manager know the result by an official letter. Then the Branch Manager informs the applicant. So, an employee can not but wait for a long time to know the decision of the competent authority. Sometime the HRD sends a backup officer to the branch if they approve the leave of an employee for a long period of time. xx Furthermore, the Branch Manager is supposed to send an annual report informing the leave status of a calendar year to the HRD. Each branch maintains a register for the leave associated affairs. The Controlling Officer use to maintain this log. The Branch Manager uses this register to prepare the annual report. As the annual leave report is nothing but the summary of the leave register for a particular year, it is not that much helpful for taking any managerial decision.There is no opportunity to analyze the report and find out the scopes for improvements as the HRD is not getting any instant data from the report. They are getting present yearÃ¢â¬â¢s leave status in the following year. As a result the top management is not being able to utilize the report in a proper manner. So, the existing Leave Management System is a time consuming one. It needs to be more optimized and more synchronized which will lead the management to have a more proficient system to support the total employee management scheme. xxi 2. 4 Flowchart of the Existing SystemThe Flowchart of the existing Leave Management System, which has been described above is given below: Fig 2. 1: The flowchart of the existing Leave Management System. xxii 2. 5 Drawbacks of the Existing System The current Leave Management System that DBBL is using has some drawbacks. The main drawbacks are: 1) Sometimes it happens that the branch runs short of employees as for the Casual leave and Quarantine leave the leave of absence is allowed and more than one employee remains absent on a same day. 2) Employees need to submit leave application one month ahead from the date of commencement of the leave applied for.Consequently, the employees cannot get the leave if it is immediately needed. 3) The leave register only contains the record of the granted leave. There is no pending leave list. So, if an employee failed to get the permission for leave, s/he has to apply again for the next time. 4) There is no priority assigned for the types of leave. As a result, it may happen that a less deserved person is getting the authorization in place of the person who actually needs the leave. 5) Data flow from the branch to the HRD requires many days and gets delayed. ) The HRD is getting present yearÃ¢â¬â¢s leave report in the following year. As a result they are not getting any current data from the report. 7) The proper synchronization is absent in this system. 8) The Branch Manager may not be totally transparent in case of the approval of leave. S/he may misuse the power as it is hard for the HRD to trace what is going on in the branch. xxiii 9) The total process is very lengthy and it can make an employee extremely dissatisfied if s/he waits for a month for leave and finally ends with not getting it.In conclusion it can be said that, from the existing system it is hard to get accurate, reliable and up-to-date information which ensures better management and thereby more efficiency in the administrative work. So, the existing system needs to be altered with a new synchronized and optimized system. xxiv 3. 1 Introduction of New Concepts and Constraints I have introduced several concepts and constrains in the proposed Leave Management System which are not present in the current system. These ideas are used to make the proposed system more synchronized. 3. 1. 1 New ConceptsLeave Priority: Each type of leave is assigned with a priority. These priorities have been given on basis of the significance of the type of leave. Employee Priority: The employee priority is given on basis of the designation of the employee. If more than one employee is found with same designation, the service length of the employees is considered while assigning the priority. Employee Expertise: Employee expertise is given depending on the performance record of an employee in a particular department. The Human Resource Department is responsible for assigning the expertise level for each employee.Minimum Expertise Required for a Department: Each and every department requires a minimum amount of cumulative employee expertise to operate smoothly. This requirement is calculated depending on the work volume of a particular department. xxv 3. 1. 2 New Constraints Ã¢â¬ ¢ If more than one employee applies for different types of leave, the employee who has applied for the type of leave with higher priority will be considered first. Ã¢â¬ ¢ If more than one employee applies for same type of leave, the employee with higher priority will be considered first. The available cumulative employee expertise of a particular department should never be less than the minimum cumulative employee expertise required for the department to operate smoothly. xxvi 3. 2 Overview of the Proposed System Considering the existing problems of the Leave Management System, I have come up with a web based solution, which may simplify the work of the Branch Manager along with the Human Resource Department. The proposed system will help the competent authorities to formulate a decision regarding a leave request.The proposed system will be initiated if an employee fills up the leave request form and submits it. The system will verify the eligibilities of the employee for the type of leave s/he has applied for. If the applicant is eligible then the information will be added to the pending leave list. The system will sort the pending leave list on basis of the priority of the type of leave. If more than one employee requests for the same type of leave, the system will use the employee priority to sort the pending leave list.It is the duty of both the Branch Manager and the HRD to check the pending leave list frequently. In case of Earned Leave with full pay, Medical Leave, Quarantine Leave and Casual Leave the Branch Manager will make the decision. The system will not allow the Branch Manager to grant any leave request if the available expertise of a department becomes less than the minimum expertise required for the smooth operation of that department. If the manager still needs to grant the leave request, s/he should recall an employee who is already on leave so that the available expertise remains adequate. For the other four types of leave the Human Resource Department will make the decision. If the HRD grants any leave request they will have to send a backup officer to the branch with similar expertise. Furthermore, the proposed system will avail both the Branch Manager and the HRD with instant report generation. So the HRD will be able to see the leave status of a branch whenever they want and thus the proposed system will be helpful to take managerial decisions. xxvii 3. 3 Structuring the Proposed System: Process ModelingProcess modeling involves geographically representing the functions, or processes, which capture, manipulate, store and distribute data between a system and its environment and between components within a system . 3. 3. 1 What is Context Diagram? An overview of an organizational system that shows the system boundaries, external entities that interact with the system and the major information flows between the entities and the system . 3. 3. 2 Context Diagram of the Proposed System The context diagram is given in Appendix C. 3. 3. What is Data Flow Diagram? A picture of the movement of data between external entities, the processes and data stores within a system . 3. 3. 4 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System Data flow diagram is provided in Appendix D. 3. 3. 5 Use Case Diagram of the Proposed System Use case diagram is provided in Appendix E. xxviii 3. 4 Design Phase 3. 4. 1 Designing Database The Branch Manager provided me with an idea about their expectation from the future system. Their main focus was on: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Pending leave list Ã¢â¬ ¢ Leave application form Ã¢â¬ ¢ Up to date leave statusSo, I have decided to design the database containing the tables which will be able to store the inputs for the desired outputs. In addition, the back-end database is created using MySQL. There is no query in the database. Queries are maintained from the front-end. 3. 4. 1. 1 Finalizing the Tables for the Prototype No matter what information is to be retrieved from the fields of the tables, to me Employee Information and Leave Information are the key tables that should exist in the database. While working with the database I had to change the prototype repeatedly for the desired output.At last I finalized the design after getting the approval of both the company advisor and the academic advisor. 3. 4. 1. 2 Description of Tables The description of all the tables is provided in appendix A. xxix 3. 4. 2 Designing the User Interface While designing the user interface, I have tried to make the interfaces as userfriendly as possible so that from the interface the users easily understand what they are doing and what they should do. Moreover, I have attached quick tips in all the buttons so that they can understand what will happen if they Click it.Again, I have used red stars beside the mandatory fields and at the beginning of the pages where red stars are used; it has been mentioned that the red started fields cannot be blank. 3. 4. 3 Forms and Validations I have used PHP and HTML to create the forms that has been used in the prototype. I kept the back ground very simple so that users can find the information easily. For validating the forms, I have provided massages to the users so that they can check and correct their inputted values without difficulty. 3. 4. 4 An Example of FormÃ¢â¬â¢s Validation An example of the validation of a form is provided in appendix B. . 4. 5 Report Generation In this system I have not used any report generating tool. All the reports (e. g. Pending Leave List, Current Leave Status) have been generated using the SQL queries. These reports are shown on a page by using tables so that the users can view the requested reports. xxx 3. 4. 6 Logout Proper logging out is an important issue as it has a relation with the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s privacy and security. A user must logout after s/he has completed his/her task. I have used session for login and logout. Every time a user logins in, a variable will be crated in the session with the same value of the User Id.When the user will log out then the session variable will be destroyed. As a result, no one will be able to use the Ã¢â¬Å"BackÃ¢â¬ option from the tool bar to go back to any pages of the previous user. 3. 4. 7 Accessibility and Authentication Every organization has employees with different position and rank. Moreover, different users has different task that they perform and they deals with divergent information. So, it is necessary to ensure that an employee will have accessibility only to those sections of the prototype which really required by them. For an example, an employee will not have the permission o access all the sections that the Branch Manager of the bank can access. So, accessibility of different users means privacy and security of important information of an organization. To maintain the accessibility I have used different forms for different types of user. When a user logs in, the system will check his/her user type and will present different pages accordingly. So, the Branch Manager will never be able to access the information which are not permitted for him/her but permitted for the System Administrator as they have different user type. xxxi Fig 3. 1: Main page for Branch Manager Fig 3. : Main page for System Administrator In this system, all the users have some specific authentication rights and these authentication rights have been categorized on basis of the user type. These are:xxxii Branch Manager: Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the leave documentation. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the pending leave list. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the current leave status. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the employee expertise list. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the minimum expertise required for a particular department. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the available departmental expertise. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Grant the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s leave (for some particular types of leave). Ã¢â¬ ¢ Recall the employees from leave. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the yearly report. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Change his/her password.System Administrator: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Create new user. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Delete any user. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Add the employee information. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Update the employee information. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Delete the employee information. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Change his/her password. Employees: Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the leave documentation. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Apply for leave. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the result of his/her leave request. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Change his/her password. xxxiii Human Resource Department Officer: Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the leave documentation. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the pending leave list. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the current leave status. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Assign the employee expertise. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the employee expertise. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Update the employee expertise. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Assign the minimum expertise required for a particular department. View the minimum expertise required for a particular department. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Update the minimum expertise required for a particular department. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the available departmental expertise. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the employee information. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Grant the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s leave (for some particular types of leave). Ã¢â¬ ¢ Recall the employees from leave. Ã¢â¬ ¢ View the yearly report. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Change his/her password. 3. 5 Implementation Phase 3. 5. 1 Coding and Testing I have used PHP and HTML for the front end and MySQL for the back end while implementing the system. I have completed almost all the pages except few. I have not completed the rest because of time constrain.As I am yet to implement the total system, the system has not gone through the testing phase. xxxiv 3. 6 Benefits of the Proposed System The proposed system will solve most of the problems that the existing system encompasses. This web based system will make the total leave management process faster and it will also save a lot of time and energy. The main benefits are: 1. The employees will not need to wait for a long time to know the decision of the authority as unlike the existing system where they need to submit the leave application one month ahead from the date of commencement of the eave applied for. 2. It will ensure that the most deserving person will get the leave as priority is assigned for each types of leave and for each employee. 3. Unlike the existing system where the leave register only contains the record of the granted leave, the pending leave list of the proposed system will contain the record of all the leave requests which are pending as a result an employee will not need to apply twice for the same leave. 4. Less chance of the manipulation of information as both the Branch Manager and HRD will get information directly from the system. 5.The management will get up-to-date report which will help them in decision making. xxxv 4. 1 Conclusion The proposed Leave Management System will make the whole leave management process efficient. Users will be able to access the software from anywhere. The employees may be applying for leave from their home as well. This supporting software will help the management in decision making in case of leave related affairs. Moreover, it will ensure less paper works and as a result the whole process will be swift and reliable. xxxvi REFERENCES Book  Jeffery A. Hoffer, Joey F. Geroge and Joseph S.Valacich, Ã¢â¬Å"Modern System Analysis And DesignÃ¢â¬ , Ed. 3 rd India: Pearson Education . (Singapore) Pte. Ltd, 2002.  C. J. Date, Ã¢â¬Å"An Introduction to Database SystemÃ¢â¬ , Ed. 7 th. India: Pearson Education Singapore). Pte. Ltd, 2002.  Craig Larman, Ã¢â¬Å"Applying UML And PatternsÃ¢â¬ , Ed. 2 nd India: Pearson . Education (Singapore) Pte. Ltd, 2002. Website  http://www. dbbl. com. bd/xxxvii A. Description of the Tables Table Name: Employee_Information Description: Stores Information about the Employees. Primary key: Employee_Id Field Name Description Employee_Id Id of the employee. It groups all the employees together.First_Name First part of name of the employee. Middle_Name Middle part of name of the employee. Last_Name Last part of name of the employee. Designation Designation of the employee in the bank. E_Priority Assigned priority of the employee for leave by the bank. Joining_Date Joining date of the employee in the bank. Phone EmployeeÃ¢â¬â¢s residence telephone number. Mobile Mobile phone number of the employee. E_mail E-mail address of employee to contact through E-mails. Table Name: Create_User Description: Stores Information of the users that are using the system. Primary key: User_Id Field Name DescriptionUser_Id Id of the user. It groups all the users together. Employee_Id Id of the employee which already exists in the Employee_Information table. User_Type Type of the user (e. g. Employee, System Administrator). Password Password of the user to login in the system. xxxviii Table Name: Employee_Expertise Description: Stores Expertise of the Employees in each department. Foreign key: Employee_Id Field Name Description Employee_Id Id of the employee which already exists in the Employee_Information table. Cash Expertise of an employee in Cash department. General_Banking Expertise of an employee in General Banking department.Finance_Credit Expertise of an employee in Finance ; Credit department. Foreign_Trade Expertise of an employee in Foreign Trade department. Table Name: Available_Employee_Expertise Description: Stores Available Expertise of the Employees in each department. Modification of this table depends on the availability of employees. Foreign key: Employee_Id Field Name Description Employee_Id Id of the employee which already exists in the Employee_Information table. Cash Available expertise of an employee in Cash department. General_Banking Available expertise of an employee in General Banking.Finance_Credit Available expertise of an employee in Finance ; Credit. Foreign_Trade Available expertise of an employee in Foreign Trade. xxxix Table Name: Leave_Information Description: Stores Information about all types of Leave. Primary key: Leave_Id Field Name Description Leave_Id Id of the leave type. It groups all types of leave together. Leave_Name Name of the leave. Min_Days Minimum days at service required by an employee to be eligible for a particular type of leave. Max_Time The maximum number of days that an employee can take leave at a time for a particular type of leave.Priority Priority of the type of leave assigned by the bank. Table Name: Leave_Request Description: Stores Information about the requested leave. Composite key: Employee_Id, Start_Date Field Name Description Employee_Id Id of the employee which already exists in the Employee_Information table. Leave_Id Id of the leave type which already exists in the Leave_Information table. Start_Date Requested starting date of the leave. End_Date Requested ending date of the leave. Request_Date On which date the leave request was submitted. Status Status of the leave request (e. g. pending, granted).Narration Added comments regarding the leave request. xl Table Name: Min_Dept_Exp Description: Stores Minimum Expertise required by each department. Primary key: Department_Id Field Name Description Department_Id Id of the department. It groups all the departments together. Department_Name Name of the department. M_D_Exp Minimum cumulative employee expertise in a department required for smooth operation of that particular department. Table Name: Available_Expertise Description: Stores Available Expertise in each department. Modification of this table depends on the availability of employees.Foreign key: Department_Id Field Name Description Department_Id Id of the department which already exists in the Min_Dept_Exp table. Expertise Available cumulative employee expertise in a department. Table Name: Granted_Leave Description: Stores Information about the granted leave. Composite key: Employee_Id, Start_Date Field Name Description Employee_Id Id of the employee which already exists in the Employee_Information table. Leave_Id Id of the leave type which already exists in the Leave_Information table. Start_Date Granted starting date of the leave. End_Date Granted ending date of the leave. li Table Name: Recalled_Leave Description: Stores Information about the recalled leave. Composite key: Employee_Id, Recall_Date Field Name Description Employee_Id Id of the employee which already exists in the Employee_Information table. Leave_Id Id of the leave type which already exists in the Leave_Information table. Recall_Date Recall activation date. xlii B. An example of formÃ¢â¬â¢s validation For an example, here I am considering the login page. The users will put their specific User Id and Password to login. Every employee will be given a User Id and password by the System Administrator.The user will be able to change the password by clicking Ã¢â¬Å"Change PasswordÃ¢â¬ . Fig: Login page I have considered two scenarios for the validations in the login page. These are: 1. The user may miss spell his/her User Id or Password. 2. The user may keep the Password filed blank. If a user miss spells his/her User Id or Password then an error massage will be shown. Like in the database, there is an employee whose User Id is Ã¢â¬Å"u01101042Ã¢â¬ and Password is Ã¢â¬Å"bonnyÃ¢â¬ . The user may try to login with a misspelled User Id Ã¢â¬Å"u01101024Ã¢â¬ or with a misspelled Password Ã¢â¬Å"boneyÃ¢â¬ . liii Fig: User misspelled User Id In this situation in the next page s/he will get a massage, Ã¢â¬Å"Invalid User Id or PasswordÃ¢â¬ . Fig: Error massage for invalid User Id or Password xliv If the user keeps the Password blank, then in the next page s/he will get a massage, Ã¢â¬Å"Password can not be blankÃ¢â¬ . Fig: User keeps the Password blank Fig: Error massage for blank Passwordxlv C. Context diagram of the system Fig: Context diagramxlvi D. Data flow diagram of the system Fig: Level 0 DFDxlvii E. Use case diagram of the system Fig: Use case diagramxlviii How to cite A Proposed Leave Management System for Dutch-Bangla Bank Limited, Papers
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Most of the stories in Salman RushdieÃ¢â¬â¢s book East, West regard the subject of Prime Minister Indira GandhiÃ¢â¬â¢s assassination in 1984. Indira Gandhi was the first and to date the only female Prime Minister of the Republic of India has had. She served for three consecutive terms from 1966-1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984. When Indira Gandhi returned for a fourth term in 1980, she became involved in a conflict with separatists, specifically the Sikh religious group, in Punjab. Two of Indira GandhiÃ¢â¬â¢s bodyguards, both Sikhs, assassinated her with machine guns in the garden of her residence on October 31, 1984. The assassination led to rampages, riots and chaos in New Delhi, the capital city of India. Over the next few days, mobs ran through the streets of New Delhi and other parts of India, killing several thousand Sikhs. The 25-page story Ã¢â¬Å"Chekov and ZuluÃ¢â¬ , based in London, starts off a few days after the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi; it revolves around two main charactersÃ¢â¬âChekov, a Hindu and Zulu, a SikhÃ¢â¬âand the effect of Indra GandhiÃ¢â¬â¢s assassination on their friendship. We will write a custom essay sample on Salman Rushdies Chekov and Zulu or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In 1994, the year when East, West was published, violence against the Sikhs diminished, although other conflicts arose. Ethnic and regional tensions formed between India and Pakistan, leading to the Kashmir conflict, a dispute over the most northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. Current events in the year 1994, such as the previous example, contributed to the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s viewpoints about Ã¢â¬Å"Chekov and ZuluÃ¢â¬ . Interestingly enough, Chekov and Zulu received their names from two fictional characters from Star Trek, which in 1994, was widely popular.